How to install MySQL server on Mac OS X

MySQL Shell/Command line client for remote connections

You can also specify the password on this line if you prefer—by typing it directly after the -p prompt—but it will be visible, which is insecure. The -h hostname argument is optional, and you can leave it off unless you cannot connect to the MySQL server without it. Within the mysql client, every statement SQL command needs to be terminated by a semicolon. These semicolons are an indication to the client that the query is complete and should be run. The semicolons are not part of the SQL itself this is a common point of confusion.

What this also means is that you can continue the same SQL statement over several lines within the mysql client, which makes it easier to read and to edit, should that be necessary. As a quick demonstration of accessing and using the mysql client, these next steps will show you how to start the mysql client, select a database to use, and quit the client.

Before following these steps,. As a side note, in the following steps and throughout the rest of the book, I will continue to provide images using the mysql client on both Windows and Mac OS X.


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While the appearance differs, the steps and results will be identical. So in short, don't be concerned about why one image shows the DOS prompt and the next a Terminal.

Accessing MySQL

Access the mysql client by entering the full Access the mysql client by entering the full path to the utility, along with the proper arguments. The basic premise is that you are running the mysql client, connecting as username , and requesting to be prompted for the password. Not to overstate the point, but the username and password values that you use must already be established in MySQL as a valid user see Appendix A.

The password you use here should be for the user you specified in the preceding step. If access is denied, you're probably not using the correct values see Appendix A for instructions on creating users. If you are successfully able to log in, you'll see a welcome message like this. After getting into the mysql client, run a USE command to choose the database with which you want to work. The USE command selects the database to be used for every subsequent command. The test database is one that MySQL installs by default. Assuming it exists on your server, all users should be able to access it.

Type either exit or quit to terminate your MySQL session and leave the mysql client. You can also use the command quit to leave the client.

command line - Xampp: Access MySQL from terminal? - Ask Ubuntu

This step—unlike most other commands you enter in the mysql client—does not require a semicolon at the end. The command exit will terminate the current session. On Windows, it will also close the DOS prompt window. If you know in advance which database you will want to use, you can simplify matters by starting mysql with. The mysql client on most systems allows you to use the up and down arrows to scroll through previously entered commands.

If you make a mistake in typing a query, you can scroll up to find it, and then correct the error. If you are in a long statement and make a mistake, cancel the current operation by typing c and pressing Return or Enter. Its sole purpose is to provide an interface to a MySQL server. It's somewhat easier and more natural to use than the mysql client but requires a PHP installation and must be accessed through a Web browser.

If you're running MySQL on your own computer, you might find that using the mysql client makes more sense, as installing and configuring phpMyAdmin constitutes unnecessary extra work although all-in-one PHP and MySQL installers may do this for you.


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If using a hosted server, your Web host is virtually guaranteed to provide phpMyAdmin as the primary way to work with MySQL and the mysql client may not be an option. Using phpMyAdmin isn't hard, but the next steps run through the basics so that you'll know what to do in the following chapters. The URL you use will depend upon your situation.

If running on a hosted site, your Web host will provide you with the proper URL. In all likelihood, phpMyAdmin would be available through the site's control panel should one exist. If you see a message like the one in , you're probably not using the correct values see Appendix A for instructions on creating users. Use the list of databases on the left side of the window to choose with which database you want to work. This is the equivalent of running a USE databasename query within the query within the mysql client. You can use the sqlite3 program to connect directly to SQLite from the command line.

There are several ways you can connect to a MySQL database using Python, and this article shows you how. Web development tips, marketing strategies and A2 Hosting news sent to your inbox. We use cookies to personalize the website for you and to analyze the use of our website. You consent to this by clicking on "I consent" or by continuing your use of this website. Further information about cookies can be found in our Privacy Policy. For example, you may run a query and receive a message that resembles the following: Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning 0.

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How to use the command line on Mac