The Valve Component

It allows you to communicate to the browser that your site should always be accessed over https. Using name-based virtual hosts on a secured connection requires careful configuration of the names specified in a single certificate or Tomcat 8. This tool is included in the JDK. Each entry in a keystore is identified by an alias string. Whilst many keystore implementations treat aliases in a case insensitive manner, case sensitive implementations are available.

The PKCS11 specification, for example, requires that aliases are case sensitive. To avoid issues related to the case sensitivity of aliases, it is not recommended to use aliases that differ only in case. To import an existing certificate into a JKS keystore, please read the documentation in your JDK documentation package about keytool. Note that OpenSSL often adds readable comments before the key, but keytool does not support that.

So if your certificate has comments before the key data, remove them before importing the certificate with keytool. For more advanced cases, consult the OpenSSL documentation.

Apache Tomcat 8

To create a new JKS keystore from scratch, containing a single self-signed Certificate, execute the following from a terminal command line:. The RSA algorithm should be preferred as a secure algorithm, and this also ensures general compatibility with other servers and components. This command will create a new file, in the home directory of the user under which you run it, named ".

To specify a different location or filename, add the -keystore parameter, followed by the complete pathname to your keystore file, to the keytool command shown above. You will also need to reflect this new location in the server. For example:. After executing this command, you will first be prompted for the keystore password. The default password used by Tomcat is " changeit " all lower case , although you can specify a custom password if you like. You will also need to specify the custom password in the server. Next, you will be prompted for general information about this Certificate, such as company, contact name, and so on.

This information will be displayed to users who attempt to access a secure page in your application, so make sure that the information provided here matches what they will expect. Finally, you will be prompted for the key password , which is the password specifically for this Certificate as opposed to any other Certificates stored in the same keystore file. The keytool prompt will tell you that pressing the ENTER key automatically uses the same password for the key as the keystore. You are free to use the same password or to select a custom one.

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If you select a different password to the keystore password, you will also need to specify the custom password in the server. If everything was successful, you now have a keystore file with a Certificate that can be used by your server. The exact configuration details depend on which implementation is being used. If the installation uses APR - i.

Auto-selection of implementation can be avoided if needed. It is done by specifying a classname in the protocol attribute of the Connector. The default value is on and if you specify another value, it has to be a valid OpenSSL engine name. SSLRandomSeed allows to specify a source of entropy. An example of an APR configuration is:. The configuration options and information on which attributes are mandatory, are documented in the SSL Support section of the HTTP connector configuration reference.

Make sure that you use the correct attributes for the connector you are using. You can change this to any port number you wish such as to the default port for https communications, which is However, special setup outside the scope of this document is necessary to run Tomcat on port numbers lower than on many operating systems.

If you change the port number here, you should also change the value specified for the redirectPort attribute on the non-SSL connector. This allows Tomcat to automatically redirect users who attempt to access a page with a security constraint specifying that SSL is required, as required by the Servlet Specification. After completing these configuration changes, you must restart Tomcat as you normally do, and you should be in business. You should be able to access any web application supported by Tomcat via SSL. For example, try:.

If this does not work, the following section contains some troubleshooting tips. To obtain and install a Certificate from a Certificate Authority like verisign. That CSR will be used by the Certificate Authority to create a Certificate that will identify your website as "secure". To create a CSR follow these steps:.


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Now you have a file called certreq. In return you get a Certificate. Now that you have your Certificate you can import it into you local keystore. First of all you have to import a so called Chain Certificate or Root Certificate into your keystore. After that you can proceed with importing your Certificate. Furthermore, if you use the Windows platform, ensure you download the ocsp-enabled connector.

The basic OCSP-related certificate authority settings in the openssl. The settings above encode the OCSP responder address Note that for the following steps, you must have openssl. To generate an OCSP-enabled certificate:. A basic OCSP-enabled connector definition in the server. When testing, an easy way to create an OCSP responder is by executing the following: openssl ocsp -port Do note that when using OCSP, the responder encoded in the connector certificate must be running.

For further information, see OCSP documentation.

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When configured, it causes details about each request processed by its associated Engine , Host , or Context to be logged according to the logging configuration for that container. The output from this valve includes any parameters included with the request.

The parameters will be decoded using the default platform encoding. Any subsequent calls to request. Note: this Valve is now deprecated in favor of the RequestDumperFilter, which does the same thing in a portable manner. The Single Sign On Vale is utilized when you wish to give users the ability to sign on to any one of the web applications associated with your virtual host, and then have their identity recognized by all other web applications on the same virtual host.

See the Single Sign On special feature on the Host element for more information. Default false. Flag to determine whether each request needs to be reauthenticated to the security Realm. If "true", this Valve uses cached security credentials username and password to reauthenticate to the Realm each request associated with an SSO session. If "false", the Valve can itself authenticate requests based on the presence of a valid SSO cookie, without rechecking with the Realm. If any non-default settings are required, the valve may be configured within Context element with the required values.

The Basic Authenticator Valve supports the following configuration attributes:. Controls if the session ID is changed if a session exists at the point where users are authenticated. This is to prevent session fixation attacks. If not set, the default value of false will be used. Controls the caching of pages that are protected by security constraints.

Setting this to false may help work around caching issues in some browsers but will also cause secured pages to be cached by proxies which will almost certainly be a security issue. If not set, the default value of true will be used. Setting this to false may help work around caching issues in some browsers by using Cache-Control: private rather than the default of Pragma: No-cache and Cache-control: No-cache.

The Digest Authenticator Valve supports the following configuration attributes:. If not specified, the default value of false will be used. This attribute controls the size of that cache.

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If not specified, the default value of is used. The secret key used by digest authentication. If not set, a secure random value is generated. The time, in milliseconds, that a server generated nonce will be considered valid for use in authentication. If not specified, the default value of 5 minutes will be used. The opaque server string used by digest authentication.

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If not set, a random value is generated. If not specified, the default value of true will be used. The Form Authenticator Valve supports the following configuration attributes:. Character encoding to use to read the username and password parameters from the request. If not set, the encoding of the request body will be used. The Apache Tomcat 5. Links Docs Home Config Ref. Access Log Valve. Remote Address Filter. Remote Host Filter.

Request Dumper Valve. Single Sign On Valve. Basic Authenticator Valve. Digest Authenticator Valve. The Digest Authenticator Valve supports the following configuration attributes: Attribute Description cache. Form Authenticator Valve. SSL Authenticator Valve.